BURIAL №121 KELI’S BURIAL GROUND XIII-XIV CC. (MOUNTAIN INGUSHETIA) AND ITS INVENTORY

Abstract


The main purpose of the proposed article is to introduce into scientific circulation the next new burial of the Keli burial ground of the XIII-XIV centuries. in the mountainous Ingushetia. The information about him and his burial inventory, presented with a partial reconstruction, also determines the main tasks of our research – the most complete determination of the possible ethnocultural origins of the objects under consideration, as well as the zones of influence and the degree of influence of the Golden Horde on the process and dynamics of the formation of the local (in the mountains) material culture of the population of the highlands of Ingushetia and the complex of its weapons in the conditions of a powerful impact on them from the surrounding highlands of the territories during the well-known events of the XIII-XIV centuries. The novelty of the published work is determined by well-known modern methodological approaches based on the principles of historicism, consistency and objectivity in the analysis of the studied materials, including on the basis of comparative-typological and complex approaches. The content of the article will allow us to judge the specifics of the military equipment of a lightly armed mountain archer armed with a saber with a deer horn handle preserved on it. The use of synchronous analogies allows the authors to believe that such horn products are the result of the craft activities of not only professional blacksmiths and bone cutters, but also masters of processing leather for wooden scabbards and hunters who extracted the necessary raw materials. However, the question of localization of such crafts in the mountains remains open, and the presence of direct analogies to the published items from the warrior's arsenal in the graves of the nomads of Eastern Europe of the Golden Horde era does not at all exclude the possibility of an influx of such products from the Golden Horde plain to the highlands of the Eastern Pridaryal, where a special role in such "mediation" is acquired.


Umar Yu. Kochkarov

Institute of Archeology of the Russian Academy of Sciences

Author for correspondence.
Email: umar_k@mail.ru
ORCID iD: 0000-0001-9552-279X

Russian Federation, 19 D. Ulyanov str., Moscow, Russian Federation

PhD (History), Head of the Scientific Archive

Rashid Kh. Mamaev

Chechen State University

Email: borz85@list.ru
ORCID iD: 0000-0001-6498-262X

Russian Federation, 32 A. Sheripova str., Grozny, Russian Federation

Assistant of the Department of History of the Ancient World and the Middle Ages

Vitaly Evgenievich Narozhny

Independent Researcher

Email: vitanar21@yandex.ru
ORCID iD: 0000-0001-5320-2245

Russian Federation

PhD (History)

Evgeny I. Narozhny

Karachay-Cherkess State University named after U. D. Aliyev

Email: zai_ein@mail.ru
ORCID iD: 0000-0002-4628-4382

Russian Federation, 29 Lenin Street, Karachayevsk, Russian Federation

DSc (History)

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