EXPERIENCE IN REGULATING MIGRATION FLOWS AT THE REGIONAL LEVEL: LATE 1980s - EARLY 1990s

Abstract


The migration processes research is justified in the article. These processes are considered in the context of general issues, the ethnic history of minorities, their demographic structure (in dynamics), economic, political and economic interests. The consequences of mass migrations in the late 1980s and early 1990s from the republics of Central Asia and Transcaucasia are shown by the example of regions (administrative-territorial regions of the Krasnodar Territory and the Republic of Adygea, Sochi, Republic of Dagestan). Interethnic conflicts, deterioration of the population life quality are considered in the context of medium – and long-term consequences of migration processes, initiated by state policy.

A systematic approach, a selective method and a comparative analysis were used in the study. The author analyzed the normative legal acts of federal and regional legislation, archival documents; identified the regional specifics of the migration situation; considered the experience of regulating the migration problem at the federal and regional levels.

The author outlines a steady trend of changes in the population structure of the Krasnodar Territory, the Republic of Adygea, the agglomeration of Greater Sochi since the late 1980s – early 1990s due to migration processes from the republics of the USSR. These processes have become a factor in the transformation of social policy at the regional and municipal levels.

The migration problem regulating experience is presented in the context of the local population (residents) social problems solving. The problems, which were initiated by the migrants. adaptation problems. Several social technologies have been tested. These include: a) structural divisions responsible for the implementation of demographic and national policy allocation in the structure of the regional executive power; b) migration legislation development on federal and regional levels; c) models of government structures coordination in the sphere or migration processes managing testing.


Marina Belozerova

Federal Research Centre the Subtropical Scientific Centre of the Russian Academy of Sciences (Sochi, Russia)

Author for correspondence.
Email: mbelozerowa@mail.ru
ORCID iD: 0000-0002-3156-2458

Russian Federation, 354002, Russia, Sochi, Yana Fabritiusa Street, 2/28

Dr. of Historical Sciences, Associate Professor, Senior Researcher

Laboratory of Ethno-Social Research

Magomedkhan Magomedkhanov

Institute of History, Archeology and Ethnography  Dagestan Federal Research Center of  RAS, Makhachkala, Russia

Email: mkhan@yandex.ru

Russian Federation, IHAE DFRC RAS, 75, M. Yaragskogo st., Makhachkala, Republic of Daghestan, 367030, Russian Federation

D.Sc. (History), Head of Department of Ethnography 

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