The article "The tradition of vessel damage-origins according to the archaeology of the Pre-Caucasus" examines the forms of metal and ceramic vessels from the monuments of the Maikop-Novosvobodnenskaya community that have signs of deformation. The sources of the work are mostly photographs and drawings of the author of the materials that are stored in the State Hermitage Museum. These things themselves have been published many times, but vascular deformities, as a rule, have not been described. The detected defects allow us to conclude that some vessels of the Maikop mound were intentionally damaged, Even before they were placed in the grave, some of them could be repaired. A bronze bucket from the Maikop mound is particularly interesting. Its hinges for fixing the handle-handle are deliberately destroyed. That is, the bucket was put in the grave in a "killed" state.

Further, all known forms of bronze vessels from all complexes of the INR and its periphery are analyzed in the work. It was found out that all of them practically have defects and are not suitable for use in everyday life. But this was the peculiarity of the tradition of placing them in the grave. Damage to a vessel of their metal or ceramics could be interpreted as an opportunity for the use of unsuitable vessels in the country of the ancestors by the deceased relative.

The origins of the tradition of spoiling vessels or the use of individual shards in the funeral rite find its origins in the funeral rite of the proto-Yam culture of the pre-Baikal time. Pre-Caucasus. Therefore, it can be assumed that it was borrowed by the carriers of the Maikop culture from the previous population. And then it was passed on to the tribes of the Middle Bronze Age, but this continuity does not mean that the carriers of the Middle Bronze Age of the Pre-Caucasus were descended from the tribes of the MNO.

Sergey N. Korenevsky

Institute of Archaeology of RAS

Author for correspondence.
ORCID iD: 0000-0003-4550-1143

Russian Federation, Moscow. 117036 Dmitry Ulyanov, 19

D.Sc. (in History),

Leading Researcher

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