RESTORING ORDER AND REVOLUTIONARY LEGALITY IN A STALINIST WAY: FROM THE HISTORY OF POLITICAL REPRESSION IN CHECHEN-INGUSHETIA (1939-1940).

Abstract


The article examines a little-studied aspect of repressive politics - the so-called restoration of revolutionary law and order in the USSR in the late 1930s. on the example of the law enforcement agencies of Checheno-Ingushetia. The goal is to reconstruct the Stalinist correction in the repressive practice of 1939 - early 1940s on the basis of materials from the central and regional archives, previously published documents. in the region and the role of party and law enforcement agencies in it.

          The renewed interest in the history of punitive politics in recent years is largely predetermined by the realities of today. In this regard, the study of the mechanism of deformation of the party's policy, perversion of judicial and investigative practice by law enforcement agencies in the context of the formation of a rule-of-law state in Russia, the formation of civil society, and respect for human and civil rights is actualized. Political repressions in the SSS and after their official "end" on November 17, 1938 tended to further expand. This article is intended to a certain extent to fill the gap in the study of this problem, since the continuation of political violence by state authorities has not become the subject of a special study.

The polydisciplinary principle led to the study of the socio-political and legal aspects, and the rejection of ideology and the appeal to the personal factor made it possible to illuminate the Soviet reality of those years. The foreign and domestic political factors that contributed to softening the political and repressive course of Stalin are revealed. It has been established that the responsibility for the "distortion" of the party's policy, violations of the constitutional rights of man and citizen, which led the country to negative consequences, lies entirely with the country's leadership.


Abbaz Dogievich Osmaev

The H.I. Ibrahimov Complex Scientific Research Institute of Russian Academy of Sciences

Author for correspondence.
Email: osmaev@mail.ru
ORCID iD: 0000-0002-0599-4636
SPIN-code: 8906-5532
Scopus Author ID: 57203567897
ResearcherId: H-6117-2017
https://independent.academia.edu/%D0%90%D0%B1%D0%B1%D0%B0%D0%B7%D0%9E%D1%81%D0%BC%D0%B0%D0%B5%D0%B2

Russian Federation, 364024, г. Грозный, ул. А. Шерипова,32; 32364051, Россия,  Грозный, проспект В. Алиева, 21 а

Bio Statement: DSc. (in History), Associate Professor, Professor of the Department of History of the Ancient World and the Middle Ages of the Chechen State University, Deputy Director for Science of the H.I. Ibrahimov Complex Scientific Research Institute of RAS

Researcher focus: The History of Chechen Republic, the recent history of the Caucasus, the interaction of the Russian federal center and regions

Kazbek Gilanievich Dendiev

Учитель истории СОШ п. Фрунзенский Наурского района Чеченской Республики

Email: dendievk@mail.ru

Russian Federation, Чеченская Республика, п. Фрунзенский, СОШ

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