STELES WITH HISTORICAL CHRONOGRAPHS FROM DAGESTAN VILLAGES OF SHINAZ AND GELKHEN

Abstract


The article presents the results of our study of two Arabic-language epigraphic monuments from the mountainous Dagestan villages of Shinaz and Gelkhen. The unique character of these grave stelae known to science for a long time lies in the fact that, in addition to epitaphs, chronographs of historical events that took place in southern Dagestan and neighboring Shirvan in the 15th - early 18th centuries are carved on them. A new reading of the Arabic texts of the steles is proposed, including corrections in the reading of historical chronographs. It was established for the first time that the owner of the epitaph of the Shinaz stele of 1798–99 is a famous Dagestan scientist of the 18th century. Isma'il ash-Shinazi. The time of his life has also been reliably determined, which was not known before. An alternative dating of a similar stele from Gelkhen, located on the grave of a representative of the hereditary spiritual elite of this village ‘Abdurahman-effendi, the son of Malla Ibrahim, has been proposed. It was created in 1848–49; exactly half a century after the Shinaz stele. We came to the conclusion that the source for the chronographs of both steles was not the chronograph created in 1710–12, as was previously thought. The direct source was the manuscript historical chronograph of Malija ar-Rutuli from 1754–55. It is believed that the manuscript with the chronograph Malija ar-Rutuli belonged to the scientist Sami'id al-Shinazi, the son of Isma'il al-Shinazi. It seems that Saamiyid ash-Shinazi was the compiler of the entire text of the Shinaz stele on his father's grave. It was established for the first time that the texts of both steles contain excerpts from medieval Arabic poetry. The authors of these verses are the Caliph 'Ali b. Abi Talib (d. 661) and the famous mystic of the ‘Abbasid era, Mansur al-Hallaj (d. 922). Al-Hallaj's poems were first recorded in the epigraphy of Dagestan.


Zamir Sh. Zakariyaev

Daghestan State Univercity

Author for correspondence.
Email: zzakariyaev@yandex.ru

Russian Federation

DSc (in History)

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