Annotation: The article is devoted to some issues of the agroethnography of Nagorno-Dagestan in the 19th - early 20th centuries. on the example of the Laks living now in the territory of the Laksky and Kulinsky districts. The article focuses on issues related to the farming system, the evolution of agroethnography, their dialectical connection with social and cultural development, and at the same time we set the task3 to investigate some issues of agroethnography of the Laks against the background and in connection with the established economic and cultural types characteristic of Lakia of the period under study. . Here we are talking about the agricultural type within the territorial limits of the current Laksky and Kulinsky districts. The system of agriculture determines in what ways to use certain lands, how to extract from the available lands, using the most productive agricultural implements, the greatest final result, while using different combinations of land use, and different methods of preparing and cultivating the land. At the same time, attention is drawn to a set of measures aimed at preserving the use in the future for its intended purpose, that is, to obtain the maximum possible amount of products and raw materials, since the farming system, its nominations are a set of measures to restore and soil fertility of agricultural land. In the article, we naturally take into account the main "background" factor, which largely determines both agriculture and the components of agricultural culture - we are talking about natural and geographical conditions, ecology. The material for writing this article was collected by the author during expedition trips to the relevant regions, archival materials on the agricultural census of Dagestan for 1917, as well as visual observations of the author.

Zoya B. Ramazanova

The Institute of History, Archeology and Ethnography of the Daghestan Scientific Centre of Russian Academy of Sciences

Author for correspondence.
Email: zoya.ram@mail.ru
ORCID iD: 0000-0002-5806-5822

Russian Federation

Bio Statement: PhD (History), Leading Researcher of the Department of Ethnography

Researcher focus: Material culture, economy, spiritual culture, ethnoecology of the peoples of Dagestan and the North Caucasus

  • Field material of the author. RF IYAL. F. 5. Op. 1. D. 330.
  • Bulatova A.G. Laks (XIX - early XX centuries): historical and ethnographic essays. Makhachkala, 1971. - 196 p.
  • Vavilov N.I. World resources of grain crops and flax. M.; L., 1957. - 462.
  • Vavilov N.I., Bukinich D.D. Agricultural Afghanistan / Selected Works of Academician Vavilov N.I. T. I. M.; L., 1959. - 484;
  • Aglarov M.A. Technique for constructing terraced fields and the question of the evolution of forms of property on land among the Avars until the 20th century. // Uch. app. IIYAL. T. XII. Makhachkala, 1963, pp. 177–193.
  • Gadzhieva S.Sh., Osmanov M.-Z.O., Pashaeva A.G. Material culture of the Dargins. Makhachkala, 1967. - 300 p.
  • Vavilov N.I. World experience in the agricultural development of highlands // Priroda, 1936. No. 2. P. 80.
  • Field material of the author // Russian Federation IIYaL. F. 5. Op. 1. D. 331.
  • Economy of the peoples of Dagestan // Historical and ethnographic atlas. Manuscript.
  • Aglarov M.A. Economy of the Avars // Russian Federation IYAL. F. 3. Op. 3. D. 260.
  • Aglarov M.A. Agriculture of the Aguls in the XIX - early. 20th century (Materials for the atlas) // Russian Federation IIYAL. F 3. Op. 3. D. 351.
  • Omarov A. How varnishes live // ​​SSCG. T. 3.
  • Kaloev B.A. Agriculture of the peoples of the North Caucasus. M.: Nauka, 1961. - 247 p.
  • Gadzhieva S.Sh. Kumyks. Historical and ethnographic research. M.: Ed. Academy of Sciences of the USSR, 1961. - 387 p.
  • Bulatova A.G. Laks (XIX - early XX centuries): historical and ethnographic essays. Makhachkala, 1971. - 196 p.
  • Ichilov M.M. Peoples of the Lezgin group. Makhachkala, 1967. - 369.
  • Asiyatilov S.Kh. Historical and ethnographic essays on the economy of the Avars (XIX - the first half of the XX centuries). Makhachkala, 1967. - 171.
  • Aglarov M.A. On the origin of the calendar holiday "Plow out" // Proceedings of the session dedicated to the results of expeditionary research in Dagestan in 1978–1979. Makhachkala, 1980.
  • Sergeeva G.A. Archintsy. M.: Ed. Ch. ed. east literature, 1967. - 230 p.
  • Field material of the author // Russian Federation IIYAL. F. 5. Op. 1. D. 332.
  • Kovalevsky G.V. Cultural-historical and biological role of mountain regions // Priroda. 1931. No. 2. S. 167.
  • Vavilov N.I. Mountain farming of the North Caucasus // Proceedings of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR (biological series). 1957. No. 5. S. 590–600.
  • Vavilov N.I. Selected works. M.; L.: Ed. AN SSSR, 1965. Vol. 2. - 425 p.
  • TsGA RD. F. 59. Op. 1. D. 111.
  • CGA RD. F. 59. Op. 1. D. 113.
  • CGA RD. F. 59. Op. 1. D. 114.
  • CGA RD. F. 59. Op. 1. D. 115.
  • CGA RD. F. 59. Op. 1. D. 116.
  • Dekaprelevich L.L. From the history of corn culture of the USSR // Materials on the history of economy and peasantry of the USSR. Sat. 4. M., 1960. S. 365–413.


Abstract - 104

PDF (English) - 79

PDF (Russian) - 67


Copyright (c) 2022 Ramazanova Z.B.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.