TRADITIONAL DISHES IN THE FOOD SYSTEM OF AZERBAIJANES

Abstract


 
The article is devoted to the traditional food system of Azerbaijanis. It examines the technology of cooking national dishes, the place of the latter in the daily diet and ritual meals of Azerbaijanis. It is noted that in modern Azerbaijan, some of the rules of traditional food culture, etiquette, in particular when receiving national dishes and drinks, are observed mainly in family life. Today, national dishes are still used in everyday and festive meals. In the Mil-Mugan and Shirvan regions of Azerbaijan, table prayers are read before and after breakfast, lunch and dinner. The rules of etiquette provide special care and attention to the guest, elder, head of the family, children. For lunch and dinner, kebab, kalafur, pilaf, dolma, bozartma, etc. are specially prepared for the guest. The same national dishes were served on the Mavlid Holiday (in honor of the birth of the Prophet Muhammad) in the Mil-Mugan and Shirvan regions of Azerbaijan. The beneficial, healing properties of food are used in traditional medicine. Attention is drawn to the specifics of solemn meals, depending on the purposes of the ceremonies (mourning, wedding (engagement), family celebrations and folk holidays), as well as to the composition of dishes, the subtleties of the technology of their preparation for a large number of people. An extensive assortment of everyday, festive and ceremonial dishes, the degree of perfection of the rules of preparation, the traditional rules of table etiquette confirm the richness of the food culture of Azerbaijanis.

Piraga E. Ismailzade

Institute of Archeology and Ethnography Azerbaijan National Academy of Sciences

Author for correspondence.
Email: piragaismayilzade@gmail.com

Azerbaijan, AZ1073, г. Баку, Пр. Г.Джавида, 115 

Doctor of Philosophy in History,

Leading Researcher 

  • Peoples of the Caucasus. Volume II. Approved for publication by the Institute of Ethnography. N.N. Miklouho-Maclay of the USSR Academy of Sciences. Publishing houses of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR. Moscow 1962.
  • Aliev V.G. Culture of the Middle Bronze Age of Azerbaijan. Abstract doc. diss. Tbilisi, 1983.
  • Artamonov M.I. Essays on the ancient history of the Khazars. L., 1936.
  • Guliev G.A. A short message about clay sajah. // Doc. AN Azerb. SSR, 1955, v. XI, No. 7. (in Azeri)
  • Akhmedova V.A. Materials about some means of baking in northeastern Azerbaijan. Baku, 1982.
  • Jafarzade I.M. Elements of the archaeological culture of ancient Mugan (weapons, ceramics). Izvestiya AN Azerb. SSR, no. 9.
  • Volkova N. G. Household culture of Georgia in the XIX-XX centuries; tradition and innovation. M., 1982.
  • Mambetov G.Kh. Material culture of the rural population of Kabordino-Balkaria. Abstract, Nalchik, 1971.
  • Mambetalieva K.A. Life and culture of Kyrgyz miners in the coal industry of Kyrgyzstan. Frunze, 1964.
  • Grigulevich N.I. Traditional food of Azerbaijanis and the problem of longevity. Longevity in Azerbaijan // Collection of scientific papers. The executive editor is Doctor of Historical Sciences V.I. Kozlov. Moscow "Science", 1989.
  • Ethnography. Edited by Yu.V. Bromley and G.E. Markov. Moscow "Higher School". 1982.
  • Karakashly K.T. Material culture of Azerbaijanis in the north-eastern and central zones of the Lesser Caucasus (historical and ethnographic research). Baku, "Elm" 1965.
  • Ismailzade P.A. Economic life of Mugan (XIX-early XX centuries: historical and ethnographic research). Baku, Publishing house of "Khazar University", 2009.
  • Krulev V.P. Essays on the economy and material culture of the Turkish peasantry. Leningrad, 1969.
  • Abasova L.I. Material culture of Baku in the 19th-20th centuries (historical and ethnographic research). Dissertation for the degree of candidate of historical sciences. Baku, 2010.
  • Proverbs and sayings of the peoples of the world. Baku, "Gizil Sherg", 1976.
  • Agashirinova S.S. Material culture of the Lezghins of the 19th - early 20th centuries. M., 1978.
  • Abasova L.I. Material culture of Baku in the XIX - early XX centuries. Abstract of dissertation for the degree of candidate of historical sciences. Baku 2008.
  • Mamedov D.D. Material culture of Nakhichevan in the 19th - early 20th centuries (historical and ethnographic research). Abstract of dissertation for the degree of candidate of historical sciences. Baku 2005.
  • Petrovsky K.S., Vanhanen V.D. Food hygiene. Volume 2, M., 1971.
  • Ethnography of Azerbaijan. In 3 volumes, volume II, Baku, "East-West", 2007
  • Babaeva R. Materials for the study of wedding ceremonies in Absheron in the past. NUCLEAR PLANT. Issue I, Baku, Elm, 1964.
  • Islamova V.M. Household life of Azerbaijanis in the 19th - early 20th centuries (based on ethnographic materials from Apsheron). Abstract for the degree of Cand. ist. sciences. Baku, 1973.
  • Gamba Chevalier. Voyage dans la Russie meridionale et parficulierement dans les provises situss an-dela du Cavcase. Paris, 1826.
  • Ismaylzade P.E. Traditions and customs of Azerbaijanis associated with the Novruz holiday and the Hydyr-Nebi belief. Novruz - a holiday of peace and kindness // Materials of the international conference // March 21, 2013. Ashgabat, Ylym, 2013.
  • Gavilov H. Ethnography of Azerbaijan. Baku, "Science", 1991.
  • Guliev Sh.A. Rice farming in Azerbaijan. Baku, "Science", 1977.
  • Amiraslanov T. Verbal cuisine. Baku, "Nurlar", 2013.
  • Gersevanov M.N. General overview of stone building materials in the Caucasian and Transcaucasian regions - SSK., V.2, Tiflis, 1872.
  • Ismailzade P.A. About traditional fishing in Azerbaijan. Materials of the conference dedicated to the 10th anniversary of the Azerbaijan Institute of Archeology and Ethnography // Baku, "Nafta-Press", 2003.
  • Lavrov L.I. The role of natural and geographical factors in the history of the peoples of the Caucasus. Caucasian ethnographic collection. IX. Questions of the historical ethnography of the Caucasus. Moscow, "Science", 1989.
  • Grossheim A.A. Wild edible plants of the Caucasus. Baku, 1942.
  • Veliev F.I. Material culture of the western zone of Azerbaijan in the 19th - early 20th centuries (based on materials from Kazakh, Tauz and Shamkhor regions). Abstract for the degree of candidate of historical sciences. Leningrad, 1990.
  • Gamzaeva N.G. Traditional material culture of the city of Ganja in the 19th - early 20th centuries. (historical and ethnographic research). Abstract for the degree of candidate of historical sciences. Baku, 2017.
  • Zardabi G.B. Selected works. Baku, "Azerneshr", 1960.
  • Radjabov G.A. Folk ways of producing dairy products in Azerbaijan. Azerbaijan ethnographic collection. III edition. Baku, "Science", 1977.
  • Valiev F. I. Material culture of Azerbaijan. Baku, "Science and Education", 2007.
  • Mustafaev A. Material culture of Shirvan. Baku, Publishing House "Science", B., 1977.
  • Ismailzade P. A. Ethnocultural peculiarities in the life of Azerbaijanis in the 19th-20th centuries. Ankara, "Alatoran", 2013.
  • Valiev F.I. Festive and ceremonial dishes of the Azerbaijanis of the 19th - early 20th centuries. Archeology and Ethnography Journal of Azerbaijan
  • Valiev F. I. Material culture of Azerbaijan at the beginning of the XIX-XX centuries (historical and ethnographic research). Baku, "East-West", 2010.
  • Ismailzade P.A. On the transformation of etiquette in the context of modern globalization // Materials of a scientific session dedicated to the results of archaeological and ethnographic research carried out in 2008-2009. Baku, 2009.
  • Duma A. Visit to the Caucasus. Baku, 1986.
  • Allahmanov M. Spiritual culture of the western region of Azerbaijan in the 19th - early 20th centuries (historical and ethnographic research). Dissertation for the degree of candidate of historical sciences, Baku, 1998.
  • Efendiev O.S. Economy and material culture of the Lezgins of Azerbaijan in the late 19th - early 20th centuries (historical and ethnographic research based on materials from the northeastern regions of the Azerbaijan SSR) // Abstract for the degree of candidate of historical sciences. Leningrad, 1987.
  • ​​Polyakova T. Names, cultural customs and traditions of Azerbaijan - all this has been woven into my life since my youth // Vyshka newspaper, 2019, October 25, p. 7.
  • Emtyl R.Kh. Adyghe etiquette in the assessment of Russian and European authors of the 15th-19th centuries. // Bulletin of ASU, vol. 1 (194) 2017

Views

Abstract - 51

PDF (Russian) - 36

PlumX


Copyright (c) 2021 Ismailzade P.E.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.